WASHINGTON, October 28, 2015 — Today, William O’Keefe, President of the George C. Marshall Institute of Science and Policy and John Hamre, President & CEO of CSIS, announced that the Marshall Institute will dissolve its independent status, transferring its national security research work to CSIS. CSIS will not continue Marshall’s work on energy and climate change. CSIS’s […]
Marshall Institute's Articles
The George C. Marshall Institute is pleased to announce the publication of Climate Issues and Facts. Authored by James V. Delong, this is a new and updated edition of Climate Issues and Questions, which the Institute first produced in 2004. Climate Issues and Facts poses and answers a series of 19 questions covering topics such as […]
Congressional Testimony: Iran’s Noncompliance With Its International Atomic Energy Agency Obligations
Statement of Ms. Rebeccah L. Heinrichs, Fellow, George C. Marshall Institute “Iran’s Noncompliance with Its International Atomic Energy Agency Obligations” House Foreign Affairs Committee Subcommittee on The Middle East and North Africa Tuesday, March 24, 2015 2:00 p.m. — 2172 Rayburn House Office Building Chairman Ros-Lehtinen, Ranking Member Deutch, members of the committee, thank you […]
The George C. Marshall Institute is pleased to feature the remarks made by Ambassador Robert Joseph to the Exchange Monitor’s Annual Nuclear Deterrence Summit on February 18, 2015 in Washington, DC.1 The Marshall Institute is grateful to Ambassador Joseph for his permission to publish his remarks here. Almost from the day of the first use […]
Paul Budline of Princeton, New Jersey, writes: “I do documentary/video work for a living and took my camera to Princeton University last week to interview Will Happer, the physicist and climate skeptic. The resulting 4-minute video, which I put on YouTube Saturday, has been a big hit at enviro sites and FB, but it still […]
Presentation by Mike Gold, Director of D.C. Operations & Business Growth, Bigelow Aerospace, LLC, on Human Settlement in Space: The Moon’s Challenges and Opportunities at the Institute’s March 25, 2014 event. Details on the event are available at http://marshall.org/events/human-settlement-in-space-the-moons-challenges-and-opportunities/
Presentation by Dr. Haym Benaroya on Human Settlement in Space: The Moon’s Challenges and Opportunities
Presentation by Dr. Haym Benaroya, Distinguished Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Rutgers University, on Human Settlement in Space: The Moon’s Challenges and Opportunities at the Institute’s March 25, 2014 event. Details on the event are available at http://marshall.org/events/human-settlement-in-space-the-moons-challenges-and-opportunities/
Presentation by Dr. Paul Spudis on Human Settlement in Space: The Moon’s Challenges and Opportunities
Presentation by Dr. Paul Spudis, Planetary Geology and Remote Sensing, Lunar and Planetary Institute, on Human Settlement in Space: The Moon’s Challenges and Opportunities at the Institute’s March 25, 2014 event. Details on the event are available at http://marshall.org/events/human-settlement-in-space-the-moons-challenges-and-opportunities/
Joint Hearing on the People’s Republic of China’s Counterspace Program and the Implications for U.S. National Security
Institute Director Dr. Robert Butterworth was joined by Mr. Michael Krepon and Dr. Ashley Tellis in giving testimony before the Joint Hearing on the the People’s Republic of China’s Counterspace Program and the Implications for U.S. National Security on January 28, 2014.
Institute Chair Dr. William Happer of Princeton University reviews Rupert Darwall’s The Age of Global Warming: A History for Academic Questions. Happer writes: Darwall has presented the first systematic history of the origins and growth of the global warming movement following the 1987 report by the United Nations Commission on Environment and Development (the Brundtland Commission), […]
Dr. Canes observes: “The purpose is to see whether such mix already is being shaped by market forces that are driving it towards lower carbon content. If so, question arises whether there is any need for policy measures such as Renewable Portfolio Standards or subsidies for non-carbon sources. Further, as mandates or subsidies have substantial costs, question arises whether these costs are justified.”
As discussed in my post from yesterday, the spurious warming in Aqua AMSU channel 5 has resulted in the need for revisions to the UAH global lower tropospheric temperature (LT) product. Rather than issuing an early release of Version 6, which has been in the works for about a year now, we decided to do something […]
It is usually refreshing when a political promise is kept, but when prevailing circumstances and economics justify making a change, a pledge can be taken too far. Absolutes in politics can lead to unintended consequences. Rather than trust citizens to understand and accept circumstantial changes, politicians often just remain dogmatic.
Nearby is a running graph of 5-year averages for the tropical tropospheric temperature, climate models versus observations. In all, 73 climate models from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project are plotted against observations so that their respective 1979-2012 trend lines all intersect in 1979, which we believe is the most meaningful way to simultaneously plot the […]
by Will Happer During a fundraiser in Atlanta earlier this month, President Obama is reported to have said: “It gets you a little nervous about what is happening to global temperatures. When it is 75 degrees in Chicago in the beginning of March, you start thinking. On the other hand, I really have enjoyed nice […]
Editor’s Note: The following has been signed by the 16 scientists listed at the end of the article: A candidate for public office in any contemporary democracy may have to consider what, if anything, to do about “global warming.” Candidates should understand that the oft-repeated claim that nearly all scientists demand that something dramatic be […]
Even before threat of conflict with Iran, oil prices—and hence, gasoline prices—have been rising in recent months. In part, this upward trend stems from the higher costs of finding and producing oil in a world market. Additionally, the “risk premium” due to political instability in the Middle East accounts for another $10 of the current price of $102 a barrel.
In 2010, Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway published Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming. The book disparages the Marshall Institute and its founders, Dr. Frederick Seitz, Dr. Robert Jastrow, and Dr. William Nierenberg. George Mason University’s Center for Climate Change Communication honored Dr. Oreskes […]
The object of the Author in the following pages has been to collect the most remarkable instances of those moral epidemics which have been excited, sometimes by one cause and sometimes by another, and to show how easily the masses have been led astray, and how imitative and gregarious men are, even in their infatuations […]
In a recent opinion piece, Ross McKitrick has argued that the IPCC process needs to be fixed. He correctly points out that, “There is too much conflict of interest built into the report-writing process”. But I say the process cannot be fixed. DUMP the IPCC process. The reason why is because the IPCC process was […]
If an individual buyer is willing to put hours of work into researching a purchase of tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars, how much effort should the nation put into investigating a proposal which will cost the nation trillions? That is the estimated cost of the climate legislation before Congress.
After a dumping in the Washington area, critics are delighting in the irony, and supporters are saying the snow fits the pattern of global warming. By Jim Tankersley, Los Angeles Times of February 11, 2010 http://www.latimes.com/news/nation-and-world/la-na-climateqa12-2010feb12,0,6038596.story As record snowfall buried the nation’s capital this week, the quickest joke around town was, “So much for global […]
Rhetoric flew during the House of Representatives’ floor debate of the Waxman-Markey American Clean Energy and Security Act (ACES). The proposed greenhouse gas (GHG) cap-and-trade program, one of hundreds of mandates within the bill, grabbed most of the attention. Opponents of the legislation bemoaned looming job destruction, energy taxes, and increased vulnerability of farmers. Proponents […]
The Cocktail Conversation Guide to Global Warming offers succinct replies to questions about climate change. The Cocktail Guide is a handy reference for anyone following the efforts of the U.S. Congress and the Obama Administration to construct domestic and global restrictions on greenhouse gas emissions (and the energy producing those emissions). When climate alarmists publicly […]
Two recent government assessments of ballistic missile proliferation and technical development offer important context for weighing policy and programmatic choices related to the missile defense budget. Nationals Air and Space Intelligence Center: Download PDF: NASIC – Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat Missile Defense Agency: Download PDF: MDA – Foreign Ballistic Missile Capabilities
North Korea’s (DPRK) five-day outburst of nuclear and ballistic missile testing offers further evidence of its ability to threaten the stability of the Korean Peninsula and the security of U.S. friends and allies in East Asia. In just one week in late May, Pyongyang conducted one nuclear and six ballistic missile tests, defying the United Nations Security Council Resolution […]
On March 2, 2009, the George C. Marshall Institute released The Cost of Climate Regulation for American Households which documents the economic burdens a cap-and-trade program to control greenhouse gas emissions will impose on American households. “As the nation?s policy makers consider caps on greenhouse gas emissions, taxes on carbon dioxide, or other measures to […]
Climate Change: Statement of Dr. William Happer before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee
Madam Chairman and members, thank you for the opportunity to appear before the Committee on Environment and Public Works to testify on Climate Change. My name is William Happer, and I am the Cyrus Fogg Bracket Professor of Physics at Princeton University. I am not a climatologist, but I don’t think any of the other […]
The Independent Working Group Report on Missile Defense, the Space Relationship, and the Twenty-first Century provides an assessment of missile defense requirements beyond the limited ground-based system currently being deployed, together with opportunities to benefit from existing and new technological opportunities. More specifically, it is intended to provide a greater understanding of proven technology options that should […]
The state-run Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) reported that Iran successfully launched a Safir-2 rocket carrying an Omid research and telecommunications satellite into orbit on February 2. The Omid satellite’s capabilities are not as troubling as the advanced rocket system used to deliver the Iranian Sputnik into space. Indeed, the former head of Israel’s space program, Isaac Ben-Israel described […]
The President’s Request: The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) budget request for Fiscal Year 2009 (FY 2009), submitted to Congress on February 4th, was for $9.336 billion, an increase of $680 million over the FY 2008 appropriated amount. Within this budget, MDA allocated the bulk for the development, testing and fielding of nearterm capabilities, provided approximately $2.5 billion for development […]
Climate and Energy Policy Choices – Remarks of James Connaughton, Chairman, Council on Environmental Quality
In his remarks, Mr. James Connaughton said: “I want to do several things: first, I want to put the climate change issue in broader perspective. Two, I am going to give you a two-minute Ph.D. course on climate policy. Three, I am going to show you how that climate policy is actually taking place in […]
Bernard L. Cohen is Professor-Emeritus of Physics and Astronomy and of Environmental and Occupational Health at University of Pittsburgh. He has authored six books, over 300 papers in scientific journals, and more than seventy articles in non-technical journals. He has presented invited lectures in the United States, Canada, Asia, Europe and South America. His awards include […]
A Washington Roundtable on Science and Public Policy
The problem of the disposal of radioactive waste from reactors is one of the chief obstacles to increased reliance on nuclear power. In this paper, Dr. Bernard L. Cohen,
a physicist at the University of Pittsburgh, examines the problem and compares two strategies for disposing of “radwaste” from spent fuel.
The looming U.S. Senate debate on legislation to create a cap and trade program to reduce U.S. carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions must consider whether the means to achieve the goals they may establish exist or are likely to exist. In a new Policy Outlook from the George C. Marshall Institute, Donn Dears, president of TSAugust, argues […]
For well over a decade, the world has debated climate policy and now the United States Congress is poised to take up legislation to cap carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, the Supreme Court has ruled that EPA had the authority to regulate CO2, and many states are moving to establish their own restrictions on emissions. Underlying […]
With the Congress considering an increase in the national mandate for ethanol in the nation’s gasoline supply and presidential candidates touring Iowa and paying homage to the continued subsidization to turn corn into fuel, the United States is unlikely to turn away from policies and programs designed to exploit agriculture for energy generation. Energy legislation […]
The Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) system took another significant step forward with the latest successful test of its tracking and interception capabilities, following on a long and highly successful series to date. Indeed, this test achieved two hitherto-untried operational milestones: simultaneously engaging multiple ballistic missiles, while also giving a close ally, Japan, an opportunity to participate to verify one […]
The George C. Marshall Institute commends President Bush for his leadership in promoting a dialogue among major greenhouse gas emitters on a post-Kyoto road map to climate change policies. Together, the nations participating in this meeting account for 64% of greenhouse gas emissions. By building on the successful Asian-Pacific Partnership model, this meeting demonstrates that […]
I wanted to prove them wrong and show them that the stereotype wasn’t true. My nationality doesn’t have to determine what I say and do. But I failed miserably. And so did my mother when she sent me an email earlier today culminating with the most exciting news from home: “It stopped raining for a […]
A new report by the George C. Marshall Institute released on July 20, 2007, was profiled on E&ETV on July 24. The report, Why Cap & Trade is the Wrong Policy to Curb Greenhouse Gases for the United States, authored by Dr. Michael Canes, demonstrates that a C&T system would be far more complex and […]
U.S. policy towards controlling greenhouse gases (GHGs) has relied largely on voluntary actions to achieve its objectives. In 2002, President Bush announced a goal of decreasing the GHG intensity of national output (GHGs/GDP) by 18 percent over ten years, by 2012. Public/private partnerships, spending on research, development and deployment, and international agreements such as the […]
Working Group (WG) III’s Contribution to the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (AR4): Be Sure to Read the Fine Print
The Summary for Policymakers (SPM) of Working Group III (Mitigation), released on May 4, is available on the IPCC website, www.ipcc.ch. In an effort to assist the public’s evaluation of the strong claims made in the SPM and the subsequent use of those claims by the media and public policymakers, this review evaluates WG III?s […]
Evaluating Working Group (WG) II’s Contribution to the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) reviews and critiques the findings contained in the Summary for Policymakers (SPM) of Working Group (WG) II’s contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) that are likely to attract the most attention. In reviewing the methodology […]
Today, as Congress considers new incentives and subsidies to encourage the public and private sectors to work together to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions (without
sacrificing economic prosperity), the public is well-advised to reconsider the recently passed legislation that established a viable climate policy for the United States.
This report reviews and critiques the findings contained in the Summary for Policymakers (SPM) of Working Group (WG) I’s contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) that are likely to attract the most attention. It draws on material from the final draft of the underlying WG I report and […]
The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) budget request for Fiscal Year 2008 (FY08), submitted to Congress on February 5th, is for $8.9 billion, a decrease of $500 million from the FY 07 appropriated amount. Within this budget, MDA has provided $4.0 billion for development of new capabilities; $2 billion for testing of new and existing capabilities; $2 billion for fielding […]
The latest test of the U.S. AEGIS BMD, intended to simultaneously engage both ballistic and airborne anti-ship targets, was aborted on December 6 when the anti-ballistic missile element of the test failed to launch. The anti-aircraft missile was armed and ready to go, but the test was aborted, since the purpose of the test was […]
Whereas the threat posed by ballistic missiles, such as those in the arsenals of North Korea and Iran, tends to attract major news headlines, the emerging threat to the United States from cruise missiles gets much less publicity, though it warrants it also. Even a single cruise missile, with a design either obsolescent or obsolete […]
Methanol is often discussed as a potential contributor to energy independence because it is a liquid fuel that relatively easily can be manufactured from any source of carbon: fossil fuels, biomass, or waste (Clayton, 2006). By tapping its vast coal reserves to produce methanol, advocates claim the United States could significantly shift its dependence on imported petroleum for transportation […]
Today’s release of the U.S. Climate Change Technology Program Strategic Plan should help to focus the public, the media, and policy makers on finding the most cost effective ways to support the development and deployment of the advanced technologies that offer the most effective way to address the nation’s environment and energy challenges.
Since the inception of international discussions regarding climate change, there has been debate within the United States concerning what course of action to take. The state of climate science, the U.S. record in reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) intensity, and the prospective costs of a cap and trade system all suggest that the a policy […]
The June 27, 2006 Associated Press (AP) article titled “Scientists OK Gore’s Movie for Accuracy” by Seth Borenstein, subsequently printed in USA Today, the Washington Post, and numerous other papers, presents an inaccurate portrayal of the facts about climate change and perpetuates the myth of a consensus concerning human influence on climate. Indeed, science by […]
Today the National Academy of Science (NAS) acknowledged that considerable uncertainty remains in the use of proxy evidence to construct long temperature trends. It also refutes the original use and interpretation of the so-called “hockey stick” graph used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), stating that the data does not support the refined […]
With the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) predicting an active hurricane season in 2006, the Marshall Institute today released a new report examining the forces and conditions which generate hurricanes and make them more intense. The report offers a readable and accessible introduction to the science and is intended for the public, the news […]
The 2005 hurricane season visited major destruction on the United States. The devastation of the Gulf Coast, the loss of life, and dislocation of hundreds of thousands is a tragedy that we will not soon forget. Unfortunately, last year’s experiences are also being used to advance claims about climate change. It has been widely asserted […]
Marshall scholar Andrew Plieninger reviewed the space-related aspects of the 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review.
The new National Security Strategy of the United States of America, released in mid-March of 2006, confirms the continuing and expanding role that Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) plays in America’s national security. The document explicitly cites BMD as part of its ongoing efforts to protect the nation and its citizens: “The United States has begun fielding ballistic missile defenses […]
Interest in how policy makers, and Congress in particular, receive information about scientific matters continues to grow because of the importance of scientific and technical issues in determining national policy. The Marshall Institute agrees that a better understanding of how policy makers obtain information about matters of science is vital. Recent calls for the re-creation […]
While 2005 may be registering as a “near record” year, according to today’s release from the NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center, that record barely extends back a century, rendering the finding neither surprising nor climatologically significant.
The Marshall Institute is pleased to release its latest book, Shattered Consensus: The True State of Global Warming. This volume consists of ten essays on global warming, covering the earth?s temperature history and disparities between what has been predicted about climate change and what has actually been observed. The chapters highlight substantial anomalies and new […]
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was formed in 1988 to provide an assessment of the then state of knowledge on climate change. It produced that report in 1990, but like all bureaucratic organizations, not only did it continue in existence, it expanded its role. In addition to producing assessment, the fourth of which […]
The extensive damage in the United States caused by recent hurricanes once again raises the question of whether these storms are caused by changes in climate, specifically the heating of seawater due to global warming. The clear answer is no.
In one of a trio of new global warming papers in Science, Mears & Wentz (2005) address what they consider to be a large source of uncertainty in our (University of Alabama in Huntsville, “UAH”) satellite estimate for global lower tropospheric (“LT”) temperature trends since 1979. The satellite measurements come from the Microwave Sounding Units […]
Climate varies naturally on timescales ranging from seasons to the tens of thousands of years between ice ages. Knowledge of the natural variability of the climate system is needed to assess the extent of human impact on the climate system. At present there are no robust estimates of natural climate variability on the decades to […]
In calling for cruise missile defense, David Ignatius lampooned ballistic missile defense [“The Real Missile Defense Gap,” op-ed, March 23]. The ballistic missile threat is real: More than 30 nations possess them, and rogue states such as North Korea have no scruples about selling upgraded Scud missiles to the highest bidder. Indeed, North Korea’s 1998 […]
With the considerable recent interest in boost phase missile defense, Dr. GregoryCanavan explored the assumptions behind analyses of the cost and performance of boost phase intercept from space. In doing so, Dr. Canavan showed how an effective space-based defense can be deployed affordably. Dr. Canavan has worked in the area of missile and defense technologies for over twenty-five years. He has served […]
The Frankenfood Myth: How Protest and Politics Threaten the Biotech Revolution By Henry I. Miller and Gregory Conko http://www.greenwood.com/books/BookDetail.asp?dept_id=1&sku=C7879 Description: Few topics have inspired as much international furor and misinformation as the development and distribution of genetically altered foods. For thousands of years, farmers have bred crops for their resistance to disease, productivity, and nutritional […]
On June 8, 2004, William O’Keefe, President of the Marshall Institute, and Kurt Gottfried of the Union of Concerned Scientists held a debate on the politicization of science on NPR’s Justice Talking radio show. Science or Censorship? Date of Debate: June 08, 2004 Overview Concerned scientists voiced opposition when warnings about global warming were dropped from […]
For more than a decade, malaria has held a prominent place in speculations on the impacts of global climate change. Mathematical models that “predict” increases in the geographic distribution of malaria vectors and the prevalence of the disease have received wide publicity. Efforts to put the issue into perspective are rarely quoted and have had […]
This short guide contains answers to twenty-four commonly asked questions about climate change. It is divided into three sections. The first fifteen questions address climate change science; the next seven, the potential impacts of a changed climate; and the last two, what scientific research is needed and how it should be organized.
Given the difficulty in simulating precipitation with a GCM, model projections of drought, floods, and changes in stream flow are tenuous at best.
We live in an age where facts and logic have a hard time competing with rhetoric – especially when the rhetoric is political alarmism over global warming.
This paper demonstrates how increased investment and technology transfer could reduce greenhouse gas emissions from developing countries while promoting, rather than retarding, economic growth. The paper develops a model of economic growth with embodied technology based on Solow (1960) and estimates parameters of the model from historical energy and economic statistics. The estimated model is […]
Discussions of potential climate change have tended to focus on past and possible future changes in surface temperature. These discussions ignore the fact that climate processes occur in the troposphere, and that any assessment of climate variability and change must consider both the surface and the troposphere. Our current theoretical understanding of greenhouse warming indicates […]
Since 1961, agricultural output has outstripped global population growth by 20%, with a proportionate increase in per capita availability of food. This rapid growth in per capita production has reduced prices of agricultural produce, so that food is now cheaper than it was four decades ago. As a result: People are better fed now than […]
On July 29, 2003, in a hearing before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee a scientific dispute over the global surface temperature record of the past 1,000 years spilled into a charged political forum. In the highly politicized world of climate change, the trend in global surface temperature is highly salient to policy makers […]
Many analyses have been performed of the effects of reducing greenhouse gas emissions on the U.S. economy. The vast majority show a negative impact on GDP, but the results differ in magnitude and timing. These differences arise from the use of different types of models, different model structures, and different assumptions. It is important to […]
Intercepting attacking missiles in the boost phase intercept has the advantage of destroying the missile before the dispersal of its warheads and/or countermeasures in the form of decoys. Dr. Canavan discussed the desirability and feasibility of achieving boost phase missile defense. He also reviewed the required technologies and systems. Dr. Canavan has worked in the area of missile and […]
The global temperature record is often used to support the claim that the Earth is warming at a rate that is “reasonably consistent” with predictions for warming due to the buildup of greenhouse gases. This paper examines how the Earth’s temperature is taken, examines the reliability of those measurements, and highlights several factors that affect […]
Today’s environmental policymaking is dominated by a mistaken focus on big culprit, big ticket, and big government solutions. While disputes over large-scale environmental questions grab the headlines, they obscure the fact that both sides of the environmental debate miss important national realities. For example, a leading cause of water quality problems is not some industrial […]
That humans have a profound impact on the natural environment is a foregone conclusion. The alteration of the natural environment began with the formation of the first social groups and the rise of agriculture. Today, two critical questions are whether species are becoming extinct at rates that exceed normal and the degree to which human […]
This article by Dr. Sallie Baliunas appeared in the Providence (Rhode Island) Journal July 25, 2003. HUMANS RECORD historical events, Herodotus wrote, “in the hope of preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done.” Nature also writes its own history. And when coupled with that written by men, it can ameliorate the tendency […]
A Book by the George C. Marshall Institute edited by Michael Gough ISBN: 0-8179-3932-6 $15.00 paperback 313 pages Politics and science make strange bedfellows. In politics, perceptions are reality and facts are negotiable. The competing interests, conflicting objectives, and trade-offs of political negotiations often lend themselves to bending the truth and selectively interpreting facts to […]
By Larry O’Hanlon, Globe Correspondent. This story appeared in the Boston Globe, May 20, 2003, page C9. The 20th century may not have been so extraordinarily hot after all, according to a climate study of the last thousand years, which confirms historical accounts of fig trees growing in Germany and early grape harvests in England […]
A survey of the scientific literature shows that 79 of the 102 proxy temperature studies identified a 50-year period during the past millennium that was warmer than any 50 years in the 20th century. While these results do not allow estimation of globally-averaged surface temperature for the past 1,000 years, they are strong evidence that the temperatures experienced during the 20th century were not unusual.
The 1000-year climatic and environmental history of the Earth contained in various proxy records is examined. As indicators, the proxies duly represent or record aspects of local climate. Questions on the relevance and validity of the locality paradigm for climatological research become sharper as studies of climatic changes on timescales of 50–100 years or longer […]
The details of the President’s FY 2004 budget request, released today, show the continued commitment of the Bush Administration to accelerating the development and deployment of the missile defense system.
Homeland security chief Tom Ridge has been tapping into the collective wisdom of the think tank community of late as he works to bring the new Department of Homeland Security into being. Ridge stopped by the Center for the Study of the Presidency before the holidays for a nearly two-hour advice fest with about 20 […]
In the eighth intercept test of the Ground-based Midcourse Ballistic Missile Defense (GMD) program, the exoatmospheric kill vehicle (EKV) and its booster failed to separate, preventing the EKV from destroying the target warhead. A similar problem occurred during the July 8, 2000 test. Since then, the GMD program has posted a string of successful intercepts.
Solar+Cosmic Ray Data From this NOAA web, you can get most solar indices including sunspot number. The Wilcox Solar Observatory University Chicago Space Physics Data: including the cosmic-ray’s neutron count flux Want Solar Wind Data and Plots Go visit National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) OMNIweb. Space Environment Monitor for GOES’s monitoring of various important […]
In Civic Environmentalism: A New Approach to Policy, we look at the special strengths of civic environmentalism in meeting today’s pressing environmental needs – including examples of a thriving citizen movement that has arisen across the country. We continue on to discuss the deep American political traditions that underpin the power of civic environmentalism. Finally, […]
Everyone understands that the vast majority of environmental policies in this country are a result of compromise and bargaining. But while this situation may be widely acknowledged, it is not as widely approved of. The rhetoric and even the expectations of many environmental activists are premised on the existence of clear-cut solutions to environmental problems […]
New Studies Highlight Consequences of Proposed Federal and State Actions The George C. Marshall Institute has released two studies documenting the adverse economic, environmental and national security implications of proposed low carbon fuel standards (LCFS). Low carbon fuel standards have been proposed at both the federal and state level, and serve as an element of […]
President Clinton has said that climate change is “our overwhelming environmental challenge…the gathering crisis that requires worldwide action.” An objective look suggests that this kind of heated oratory is a far greater problem than global warming. Over the past century, the average global temperature rose by about 1 degree Fahrenheit because of a complex potpourri […]
Can the FDA be brought to health? This is the question asked in To America’s Health: A Proposal to Reform the Food and Drug Administration, by Henry I. Miller, member of the Marshall Institute’s science advisory board. Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman describes Dr. Miller’s book as “extremely thoughtful, intelligent, and knowledgeable.” Dr. Miller writes: […]
Decentralization of Environmental Policymaking: Civic Environmentalism in Theory and Practice. Proceedings of the Civic Environmentalism Working Group Conference
Executive Summary This conference had two purposes. First, to explore decentralized approaches to management of environmental questions with special, though not exclusive, attention given to the democratic goverance of the Maine lobster fisheries. Second, to fit the Maine experience with civic environmentalism (and those of other regions and in urban settings) into the broader context […]
Marshall Institute’s Dr. William Happer Signs Open Letter to Congress Challenging Climate Change Science
Dr. William Happer – Marshall Institute Board Member and Professor of Physics at Princeton University – was among many distinguished scientists asking Congress to dismiss alarmist climate change science. The open letter to Congress noted that the Earth has been cooling for a decade and proposed legislation to mandate significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions […]
No evidence can be found for catastrophic global warming from the recent rise in the air’s carbon dioxide content as a result of human activities. The elevated carbon dioxide concentration in the air has, however, had a positive impact on plant growth.
Records of ancient climates show a close connection between atmospheric carbon dioxide and the Earth’s temperature. Carbon dioxide and temperature have been tracking each other for many thousands of years. In his best-selling book, Earth in the Balance, Vice President Gore stressed this as strong evidence for global warming resulting from our burning of coal […]
Abstract. Entering a new millennium seems a good time to challenge some old ideas, which in our view are implausible, have little supportive evidence, and might best be left behind. In this essay we summarize a decade of work, raising four issues that involve toxicology, nutrition, public health, and government regulatory policy. a) Paracelsus or […]
Letters to the Editor Sierra 85 Second Street San Francisco, CA 94105-3441 Dear Editor: Bruce Selcraig (“Reading, ‘Riting, and Ravaging,” Sierra May/June 1998) knowingly distorts the serious work of the Independent Commission on Environmental Education by branding it a corporate funded enterprise unsympathetic to the interests of education. I say knowingly because we have had […]
Radical environmentalists have learned that while science and economics are rarely on their side, they can always win publicity points by accusing their opponents of having sold their souls to corporate polluters. But this line, too, has run out, since it turns out that everyone-your school, your church, your children’s scout troop, the Humane Society, […]
For many years the safety of the United States has rested on the assumption that if the Soviet Union attacked, we would be able to destroy the Soviet homeland in retaliation. Of course, the Soviets could also destroy us if we attacked them. This is called security through Mutual Assured Destruction, or MAD. An important […]